Ata-ul-Haye Nasir, Al Hakam
In his Friday Sermon of 23 November 1934, Hazrat Musleh-e-Maudra outlined 19 demands of Tahrik-e-Jadid.
Huzoorra described eight major types of expenses, on which the world usually spends:
3. Women’s jewellery
4. Medical treatment
5. Entertainment – Cinema, theatre, circus and sports matches
Huzoorra explained in detail how sacrifices can be made by reducing expenses towards the aforementioned expenditures.
Addressing women, Huzoorra said:
“We desperately need women to support us for this sacrifice, otherwise our sacrifice will be merely a verbal sacrifice. So I specifically draw the attention of women to pay heed to these sacrifices and the matters which I will explain. Share this responsibility with men. Anyone who wishes to make a sacrifice without taking women on board, will actually be reducing their expenses forcibly. Thus, on the one hand they will be deprived of reward and on the other, there will be chaos in the house. Our women must remember that there have been such women before them who had made such sacrifices that are astonishing. It is written about Hazrat Aishara that she used to give a lot of charity.” (Khutbat-e-Mahmud, Vol. 15, p. 416)
Huzoorra narrated examples of the sacrifices of some prominent Muslim women and said that such wonderful examples of these women can be found, the likes of which cannot be found elsewhere.
Regarding the expenses on jewellery, weddings and other celebrations, Huzoorra said that these expenses could be reduced to make sacrifices for this scheme.
Regarding food, Huzoorra said:
“Every Ahmadi who wants to join us in this war should agree that they will only consume one type of dish from today. Roti [bread] and salan [curry] or rice and salan are not two things, but both will make one. But two salans with roti or two salans with rice will not be allowed.” (Khutbat-e-Mahmud, Vol. 15, p. 426)
Regarding clothing, Huzoorra said:
“People who have enough clothes should not have more clothes made until they are worn out. Then those who make new clothes often, should reduce the number of new clothes to half or 3/4 or 4/5.” (Khutbat-e-Mahmud, Vol. 15, p. 427)
Huzoorra instructed the Jamaat that no Ahmadi should go to the cinema, theatre or circus etc. for three years. Later on, in his Friday Sermon of 8 December 1944, Huzoorra stated that the cinema was the biggest curse of that era. Cinema owners’ sole purpose was to earn money, not to teach morals and for this, they present such vulgar stories and songs, which have a negative impact on morals.
Huzoorra added that when descent people go there, their way of talking and sense of humour becomes filthy and uncivilised. He said that cinemas are affecting the country so destructively, that even if he doesn’t prohibit it, a believer’s soul should itself rebel against it.
Huzoorra continued to state the demands and said:
“So for those individuals or jamaats who wish to join, I am setting a deadline of one month. Residents of India should submit their names within one month and those living in other countries should do it within four months. The year will begin from the time they make this pledge.” (Khutbat-e-Mahmud, Vol. 15, p. 431)
“The second demand for sacrifice from the Jamaat, which is actually based on the first demand, is that there should be a group of sincere people who deposit 1/5 to 1/3 of their income in the treasury for three years for the benefit of the Jamaat. In this case, the amount they give in various donations or spend on other pious works …. should be deducted from that amount, and deposit the rest of the money for this scheme at Sadr Anjuman Ahmadiyya.” (Ibid)
“The third demand of sacrifice from the Jamaat is that in order to confront the enemy, there is a great need to respond to the foul and abusive literature which our enemy is publishing against us, or our point of view should be conveyed to the people in the best possible way and to remove the obstacles that are being created in the way of our progress. We need money, men and new ways to work.” (Khutbat-e-Mahmud, Vol. 15, p. 432)
In connection with the above mentioned third demand, Huzoorra announced the formation of a committee and mentioned the names of its 15 members.
Then he stated:
“The fourth demand of sacrifice from the Jamaat is that a nation needs to spread in times of trouble. In the Holy Quran, Allah the Almighty tells Muslims that if there was passion [from the opponents] against the Muslims in Mecca, then why did they not go out and spread to other countries. If they went out, then Allah the Almighty would open many avenues for their progress … How do we know where our madani life [referring to the prosperity of Muslims after migrating to Medina] begins? Qadian is indeed our religious centre, but I don’t know where our centre of glory and power is. It could be in any other city in India, and it could be in China, Japan, the Philippines, Sumatra, Java, Russia, the United States, or any other country in the world. So when we find out that people are humiliating the Jamaat for no reason, they want to crush us, then it becomes our duty to go out and find out where our madani life begins.” (Khutbat-e-Mahmud, Vol. 15, pp. 433-434)
“The fifth demand of sacrifice from the Jamaat is that I have a preaching scheme in my mind, which will cost a hundred rupees a month and thus, 1,200 rupees are required for it [annually]. Those members who can take part in it should do so. In order to involve the poor in this too, I allow them to contribute even five rupees to participate in this scheme.” (Khutbat-e-Mahmud, Vol. 15, pp. 436)
“The sixth demand of sacrifice from the Jamaat is that I want five devotees to be appointed to travel all over Punjab on bicycles, and send detailed reports to the Markaz on the possibility of the propagation of the Jamaat … The five men who will go on bicycles must be maulvi fazils or have passed matriculation. They should dedicate themselves for three years.” (Khutbat-e-Mahmud, Vol. 15, p. 436)
Then, during the Friday Sermon of 30 November 1934, Huzoorra stated that during the previous Friday Sermon, he presented six demands of the scheme, which would enable the Jamaat to tackle the ongoing opposition and tribulations. By these means, we could remove obstacles in the way of our progress.
Huzoorra added that he suggested some new tasks to enhance the spread of Islam Ahmadiyyat to find such new places where we can preach our religion. For this purpose, an appeal for 27,500 rupees was announced.
Huzoorra elaborated that the main addressees were those who could donate a hundred rupees or more. But as Allah the Almighty had granted a bigger spirit of sacrifice to the underprivileged, Huzoorra did not deem it appropriate to deprive them of this reward. So, Huzoorra said that they too could participate in this scheme by donating even five or 10 rupees.
Huzoorra continued to state the demands of this scheme and said:
“Now, I present the seventh demand and that is, in view of the preaching needs of the current time, in spite of all the demands that I have made, our preaching needs are not met and our example is like that of the martyrs of Uhud. It is said that if their heads were covered with a cloth, their feet would be bare and if their feet were covered, their heads would be bare. At that time, there was not enough cloth available. We are in a similar situation at the moment …. In such a case, there must be another way of preaching efforts. That is, there should be a reserve force that can be used as and when required, to fulfil our needs, in addition to the work of missionaries.” (Khutbat-e-Mahmud, Vol. 15, pp. 447-448)
“The eighth demand is that which has already been published, that such youngsters should present themselves who will dedicate their lives for three years.” (Khutbat-e-Mahmud, Vol. 15, p. 450)
In this regard, Huzoorra said that so far, about 125 youngsters have presented themselves, out of which 30 or 40 are maulvi fazils, while the rest have merely passed matriculations, FAs and BAs.
“The ninth demand in this regard is that those who cannot dedicate three months because there are some employees who do not get such leave … such people should dedicate whatever seasonal holidays or due holidays are available.” (Khutbat-e-Mahmud, Vol. 15, p. 454)
“The tenth demand is that people who hold a status in terms of their position or knowledge, i.e. doctors, lawyers, or those honourable jobs or tasks that people look up to with respect, such people should present themselves so that they can be sent to the jalsas of different areas instead of the missionaries.” (Khutbat-e-Mahmud, Vol. 15, p. 456)
“The eleventh demand is that once, I had instructed to set up a reserve fund of 2.5 million rupees and thus create such an income that the [Jamaat’s preaching] works of urgent nature can be accomplished with it. Now, our budget is such that we cannot spend anything on such works … Let us survey the whole country and see where success can be achieved and then emphasise there.” (Khutbat-e-Mahmud, Vol. 15, pp. 458-459)
“The twelfth demand is that when these tasks have been achieved, the work at the Markaz will increase. Many outsiders say that the staff at the headquarters do not have much work to do. I ask them to come and work here themselves and when someone comes and works, they then say that there is a lot of work to be done here …
“I come to my office in the morning and start work, go through the letters and office papers, then meet visitors, and thus, six to seven hours are already spent and no time is left for any other work. Then people expect me to devise schemes, give direction, deliver speeches and write books. There is no doubt that there can only be one Khalifa at a time; there cannot be many khalifas like the nazirs, but if there are more subordinates working under the Khalifa, then matters will still come to him, but he can give direction and guide towards the best practices.
“In the current situation, work cannot go on like this, unless there are more people working … Therefore, I urge those men [to devote their lives] who receive pensions and are sitting at home. God has given them the opportunity to get pensions from the lower government and serve the higher government, that is, serve their religion.” (Khutbat-e-Mahmud, Vol. 15, pp. 461-462)
“The thirteenth demand is that members of the outside jamaats should send their children to Qadian’s High School or Madrassa-e-Ahmadiyya for education.” (Khutbat-e-Mahmud, Vol. 15, p. 462)
“The fourteenth demand is that those affluent people who want to give their children a higher education, should dedicate their sons for serving the Jamaat, instead of deciding according to their personal wishes and desires or that of the children or their friends.” (Khutbat-e-Mahmud, Vol. 15, p. 463)
“The fifteenth demand from the Jamaat, especially from the youth of the Jamaat, is that as I have said, many youngsters are unemployed …. They should leave their homeland and go abroad. As far as other countries are concerned, if they make the right choice for themselves, there is a 99% chance of success. Some of them should go to America, some should go to Germany, some should go to France, some should go to England, some should go to Italy, some should go to Africa; that is, they should go to a distant location and try their luck.” (Khutbat-e-Mahmud, Vol. 15, pp. 464-465)
“The sixteenth demand is that the members of the Jamaat should develop the habit of working with their hands.” (Khutbat-e-Mahmud, Vol. 15, p. 465)
“The seventeenth demand is that those who are unemployed, should not remain so. If they do not go abroad, they should do whatever job is available. They should even sell newspapers and books and start collecting money for the reserve fund. No one should be left unemployed.” (Khutbat-e-Mahmud, Vol. 15, pp. 467-468)
“The eighteenth demand from members of the outside jamaats is that they should try and build houses in Qadian. Till now, by the grace of God Almighty, hundreds of people have built houses, but there is still a lot of room. As the Ahmadi population in Qadian grows, our Markaz will progress and the ghair element will start diminishing.” (Khutbat-e-Mahmud, Vol. 15, p. 468)
“There is one more thing [the nineteenth demand] that remains, which is for everyone, although the poor can play a greater role towards it. No matter how much worldly efforts are made, they are only worldly efforts and our progress does not depend on them; instead, our progress will be through divine plans.
“Although this field is the most important, but I have put it at the end; I am talking of prayer. Those who cannot participate in these demands and cannot work according to them should especially pray that those who can work, may God help them to work and bless their work.
“Our victory will not come about through the apparent wealth but through the inner wealth. If true faith is filled in our hearts and if we belong to God alone, it is not difficult for us to conquer the whole world.
“The Promised Messiahas used to say that if even 40 believers stood up, they could conquer the whole world. Those who cannot do it, keep on praying that may God Almighty create 40 such believers about whom the Promised Messiahas said that they can conquer the world.” (Khutbat-e-Mahmud, Vol. 15, p. 469)
After this, in his Friday Sermon of 7 December 1934, Huzoorra stated that nobody can instantly jump from the ground onto the roof, instead, one has to use a staircase. Similarly, in our scenario, the already mentioned demands are the first step of this staircase.
Huzoorra stated that in every aspect of the scheme, he had taken into account certain issues which he had not yet disclosed.
By the grace of Allah the Almighty, today we can all witness that Jamaat-e-Ahmadiyya is continuously moving forward and progressing at all times, for which Tahrik-e-Jadid has a great role to play.
Tahrik-e-Jadid was a heavenly scheme, which revolutionised the whole world. Hazrat Musleh-e-Maudra says:
“Do not ever think that Tahrik-e-Jadid is from myself. No, I can prove each and every word of it from the Holy Quran and show every command from the sayings of the Holy Prophetsa. But for this, a reflecting mind and a believing heart is needed. So do not think that what I have said is from me, but it is He in Whose hands your life lies.” (Friday Sermon, 13 December 1935, Khutbat-e-Mahmud, Vol. 16, p. 818-819)
Then at another instance, Huzoorra said:
“Tahrik-e-Jadid is not a new movement. In fact, it is the same early movement that was initiated by the Holy Prophetsa, 1,350 years ago from today. According to the Gospel’s phrase, it is an old wine, which is being offered in new pots. But it is not the wine that corrupts and beguiles the human intellect; rather, it is the wine about which the Holy Quran says:
لَا فِیۡہَا غَوۡلٌ وَّ لَا ہُمۡ عَنۡہَا یُنۡزَفُوۡنَ
[Wherein there will be no intoxication, nor will they be exhausted thereby. (Surah al-Saffat, Ch.37: V.48)]
“That is, drinking this wine will not cause headaches or cause one to utter nonsense, because its source is the divine nur that Muhammad Rasulullahsa brought into the world.” (Speech delivered on 31 July 1938, Al Fazl, 16 June 1959, p. 2)
Then Huzoorra once said:
“….We need men. We need money. We need determination and perseverance and we need prayers that will shake the throne of God Almighty; the combination of all these things is called Tahrik-e-Jadid. Tahrik-e-Jadid has been initiated so that we can accumulate such money through it so that the name of God Almighty can be easily and conveniently conveyed to the corners of the world.
“Tahrik-e-Jadid has been initiated for this purpose, that there should be people who dedicate themselves for the propagation of the religion of God and spend their lives in this task. Tahrik-e-Jadid has been launched so that that determination and stability may be created in our Jamaat, which is necessary to be found within working jamaats …
“Members of the Jamaat are proud that Sahibzada Abdul Latif Sahibra Shaheed sacrificed his life for the Jamaat. However, we do not need only a single Abdul Latif to revive the Jamaat; instead, hundreds of Abdul Latifs are needed who should go out to different countries and sacrifice their lives for Islam and Ahmadiyyat. Unless [people like] Abdul Latif are born in every country and every region, the grandeur and majesty of Ahmadiyyat cannot be established until that time.” (Friday Sermon, 27 November 1942, Khutbat-e-Mahmud, Vol. 23, pp. 522-525)
Tahrik-e-Jadid created a great revolution among the Ahmadis and strengthened their zeal for the faith. But at the same time, it had an extraordinary impact on others as well. Many newspapers wrote about it. The newspaper, Inqilab (of Lahore), wrote:
“The Imam of Ahmadis has ordered his followers not to go to the cinema, theatre, circus, etc. for the next three years. They should adhere to simplicity in food and clothing. They should not have new clothes made unnecessarily. For now, wherever possible, they should use the current clothes and donate towards preaching.
“The Muslims, who have started a campaign against Qadianis nowadays, should take advantage of this opportunity and take an oath from Muslims that they will not go to the cinema in the future. They will not go to the theatre. They will not watch the circus. They will not make new clothes except under extreme necessity. One meal will only have one salan [curry] and they will definitely donate some amount of chanda every month for the propagation of Islam.
“If the competition [between Ahmadis and non-Ahmadis] is in such a way that it benefits the nation [Muslim Ummah], then subhanallah! How wonderful it is that those Muslims, who did not pay attention to their economic reforms despite the hue and cry of their leaders, should pay attention to it, even just for the sake of opposing Qadianis.” (Akhbar Inqilab [of Lahore], 4 December 1934, Tarikh-e-Ahmadiyyat, Vol. 7, pp. 33)
The series of victories achieved by Jamaat-e-Ahmadiyya through Tahrik-e-Jadid still continues and more great victories are yet to be achieved. But the condition for this is that we all abide by the demands outlined by Hazrat Musleh-e-Maudra and clarified and reiterated repeatedly by Hazrat Khalifatul Masih Vaa. May Allah the Almighty enable us all to do so. Amin
اِک وقت آئے گا کہ کہیں گے تمام لوگ
ملّت کے اس فدائی پہ رحمت خدا کرے
“The time will come when everyone will say, ‘May God have mercy on this devotee of the nation.’”