6 September 2019
Men of Excellence
After reciting the Tashahud, Ta‘awuz, and Surah al-Fatihah, Hazrat Khalifatul Masih Vaa stated:
The series of narrating the accounts of the lives of the Badri companions, which I have started, will continue today. However, before I do so, I would like to say to Ansarullahon the occasion of their Ijtema that when those companions, among whom were Ansar as well as Muhajir, accepted Islam, they inculcated pious transformations within them and they set wondrous examples of sacrifices, righteousness, sincerity and loyalty.
Most of you who are present here at this moment in time, have reached the age of Ansarullah and are Ansar as well as Muhajir. Hence, you should undertake a constant self-analysis as to what extent you are following and acting upon those examples that were set before you.
After these brief words, I will now begin with the actual subject [of today].
The first account that will be given is of Hazrat Numanra bin Amr. Hazrat Numan’sra name is recorded as Numan as well as Nuaiman. His father’s name was Amr bin Rifa‘ah and his mother’s name was Fatima bint Amr. Among the children of Hazrat Nuaimanra, we find the following names: Muhammad, Amir, Sabrah, Lubabah, Kabshah, Maryam, Ummi Habeeb, Amatullah and Hakimah. According to Ibn Ishaq, Hazrat Nuaimanra participated in the second Bai‘atat Aqabah along with 70 Ansar. Hazrat Nuaimanra participated in all of the battles alongside the Holy Prophetsa, including the Battles of Badr, Uhud and Khandaq. According to a narration, the Messengersa of Allah said, “Say anything but good about Nuaimanra for he loves Allah and His Messengersa.” Hazrat Nuaimanra passed away in 60 AH during the rule of Hazrat Amir Muawiyahra. (Al-Tabaqaat-ul-Kubra li ibn Saad, Vol. 3, p. 257 Dar-ul-Haya Al-Turath Al-Arabiy, Beirut, Lebanon, 1996) (Al-Kamil Fi Al-Tarikh, Vol. 3, p. 405, Dar-ul-Kutub Al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, Lebanon 2006).
“Hazrat Ummi Salamara narrates that Hazrat Abu Bakrra went to Busra a year before the demise of the Holy Prophetsa.” (Busra is a historical and famous city of Syria. During a trade journey to Syria, the Holy Prophetsa along with his uncle, stayed in this city. Likewise, when the Holy Prophetsa took the trade goods of Hazrat Khadijara to Syria, he also stayed at this place. Maisarah, the servant of Hazrat Khadijara also accompanied the Holy Prophetsa on that journey.)
In any case, [she narrates that] Hazrat Abu Bakrra undertook a trade journey to that place before the demise [of the Holy Prophetsa], and was also accompanied by Nuaimanra and Suwaibitra bin Harmalah. Both of these men participated in the Battle of Badr. In this journey with Hazrat Abu Bakrra, Nuaimanra was entrusted with the provisions. It was during this journey that in a lighthearted moment, Hazrat Nuaiman’sra companion sold him off to a tribe.
I have mentioned this incident once before whilst narrating the account of the life of Hazrat Suwaibitra. However, I will briefly narrate it again.
Suwaibitra, who was his companion, had a light-hearted nature. We find in the narrations that both Hazrat Numanra as well as Hazrat Suwaibitra had a very frank and informal relationship and would often have a lighthearted conversation with one another. During the journey, Hazrat Suwaibitra asked Numanra to give him some food. However, he replied, “As long as Abu Bakrra does not return (as he had gone somewhere), I will not give you any food.” Upon this, Saiwaibitra replied, “If you do not give me anything to eat then what I will say may infuriate you.” The narrator of this tradition states that in the meantime, they passed by a tribe. Upon this, Suwaibit asked them if they would purchase a slave from him. (Either this particular incident took place a few days later or perhaps occurred at that time, as they were walking along on their journey. In any case, it was soon after their initial conversation.) Hazrat Suwaibitra asked the tribe if they would purchase a slave from him. The tribe replied that they would do so. Upon this, Suwaibitra informed them, “He talks a lot and he will continuously repeat that he is a free man. Thus, when he says this to you and asks you to release him, do not do so lest you ruin my slave.” They replied, “We will not do so and we wish to purchase him from you.” Hence, they bought him in exchange for ten camels. Following this, these people came to Nuaimanra and wrapped [the cloth of] a turban or a rope around his neck in order to take him as a slave. Nuaimanra said to them that he was in fact joking with them and protested that he was a free man not a slave. However, they replied that they had already been informed about him. Nevertheless, they forcefully took him with them. When Hazrat Abu Bakrra arrived and people informed him about this, he went after the people of this tribe, returned their camels and brought Nuaimanra back. The narrator of this tradition further states that when these individuals returned to the Holy Prophetsa and informed him about this, the Holy Prophetsa and his companions enjoyed listening to this and continued to enjoy this lighthearted moment among them for almost a year. (Sunan Ibn Majah, Kitab-ul-Adab, Baab-ul-Mazaah, Hadith no. 3719) (Mujam-ul-Buldan, Vol. 2, p. 348) (Farhang-e-Sirat, p.58, Busra)
In certain other books, this incident is described as Hazrat Numanra who was the one who sold Hazrat Suwaibitra and not the other way around. (Usdul Ghaba Fi Marifat Al-Sahaba, Vol. 2, p. 354, Suwaibitra bin Harmalah, Dar-ul-Fikr, Beirut, 2003)
Nevertheless, this narration is found in reference to both of them. In relation to Hazrat Nuaimanra, it is stated that he also had a very lighthearted nature and the Holy Prophetra would greatly enjoy listening to him.
Rabiah bin Uthman narrates that a Bedouin once came to the Holy Prophetsa and having entered the mosque, he sat his camel in the courtyard. Upon this, some companions said to Hazrat Numanra that if he slaughtered this camel, they would eat its meat as they really desired to have some meat. They also said that since this was the camel of the Bedouin and he would subsequently complain to the Holy Prophetsa, but once the complaint would be made to the Holy Prophetsa, he would compensate for it. The narrator of this traditions states that having been persuaded by them, Hazrat Numanra slaughtered the camel. When the Bedouin came outside and saw his camel in this state, he raised a hue and cry saying, “O Muhammadsa! My camel has been slaughtered.” The Holy Prophetsa came outside and enquired as to who was responsible. The people replied that it was Numanra. Upon this, the Holy Prophetsa went to look for him. Having committed this act, Numanra had left the place and was hiding somewhere. Nevertheless, the Holy Prophetsa went to look for him and found him hiding at Hazrat Zuba’ahra bint Zubair bin Abd-il-Muttalib’s house. A person at the place he was hiding, indicated towards his direction with his finger and loudly proclaimed, “O Prophetsa of Allah! I cannot see him anywhere.” The Holy Prophetsa took him out from there and asked why he did this. Upon this, Numanra replied, “O Prophetsa of Allah! The people who told you that I slaughtered it, they were the ones who in fact encouraged me and told me to do so. They also said that the Holy Prophetsa would compensate for it and pay for it later.” Having heard this, the Holy Prophetra touched Numan’s face with his hand and began to smile. The Holy Prophetsa then paid the Bedouin the value of the camel. (Usdul Ghaba Fi Marifat Al-Sahaba, Vol. 4, p. 332, Suwaibitra bin Harmalah, Dar-ul-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, 2008) (Al-Fukaha Wa Al-Mazaah, Zubair bin Bukkar, pp. 24-25, 2017)
In his book, Kitabul Fukaaha wa Al-Mazaah, Zubair bin Bukkar relates an incident regarding Hazrat Numanra. He writes that whenever a travelling salesman or merchant would enter Medina, Hazrat Numanra would always purchase something from them and present the items to the Holy Prophetsa as a gift from himself. Since he was familiar to them, therefore he would tell them where he lived and they would retrieve the cost later. Therefore, when the owner would come to Hazrat Numanra to retrieve the cost, Hazrat Numanra would bring him to the Holy Prophetra and ask him to pay for the item he gave him. (He would request the Holy Prophetsa to pay for the item that he had purchased and brought for him.) The Holy Prophetsa would reply, “Did you not gift this to me?” to which Hazrat Numanra would answer, “O Messengersa of Allah! By God, I did not have anything to pay for them at the time, but it was my desire for you to eat of it if it was something edible, and that you keep it if it was something to keep.” The Holy Prophetsa would smile and would instruct for the merchant to be paid for his item. (Al-Fukaha Wa Al-Mazaah, Zubair bin Bukkar, p. 27, 2017)
Thus, these are example of the gatherings which were filled with such extraordinary love, affection and light-heartedness; and it was not the case that they were always strictly formal and without any lighthearted moments.
The next companion I shall mention is Hazrat Khubaibra bin Isaaf. Hazrat Khubaibra belonged to the Banu Jusham branch of the Khazraj tribe of the Ansar. According to another narration, his name was Habib bin Yasaaf. His father’s name was Isaaf, but according to another narration it is recorded as Yasaaf. His grandfather’s name is recorded as Itabah, but also as Inabah. (Al-Sirat al-Nabawiyyah li Ibn Hisham, p. 476, Al-Ansar wa man ma’ahum, Dar-ul-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, 2001) (Al-Tabaqaat-ul-Kubra li ibn Sa‘d, Vol. 3, p. 275, Khubaibra bin Yasaaf, Dar-e-Ihyaa Al-Turath Al-Arabiy, Beirut, Lebanon, 1996) (Usdul Ghaba, Vol. 1, p. 683, Khubaibra bin Yasaaf, Dar-ul-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, 2003)
Hazrat Khubaib’sra mother’s name was Salama bint Masud. Among his children was Abu Kathir, whose actual name was Abdullah and was born to Jamila bint Abdillah bin Ubayy bin Sulool. His second son was Abdur Rahman, who was born to Umm-e-Walad. He had a daughter named Unaisah, who was born to Zainab bint Qais. After the demise of Hazrat Abu Bakrra, Hazrat Khubaibra married Habiba bint Kharijah, the widow of Hazrat Abu Bakrra. (Al-Tabaqaat-ul-Kubra, Vol. 3, pp. 275-276, Khubaibra bin Yasaaf, Dar-ul-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, 1996) (Usdul Ghaba, Vol. 3, p. 153, Khubaibra bin Yasaaf, Dar-ul-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, 2008)
Even though Hazrat Khubaibra had not yet accepted Islam at the time of the migration, he had the honour of hosting and accommodating the Muhajireenin Medina as the migration took place. Despite the fact that he was not a Muslim, he acted with great hospitality [towards the Muhajireen]. Hazrat Talhara bin Abdillah and Hazrat Suhaibra bin Sinaan stayed at his house, but according to another narration Hazrat Talhara stayed at the house of Hazrat Asadra bin Zurarah. (Al-Sirat al-Nabawiyyah li Ibn Hisham, p. 338, Dar-ul-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, 2001)
Likewise, according to a narration, when Hazrat Abu Bakrra migrated to Medina, he stayed at the house of Hazrat Khubaibra in Sunah, Qubaa. Sunah is the name of a high area of the village in the outskirts of Medina where the Bani Harith branch of the Khazraj tribe lived. Yet according to a different narration, Hazrat Abu Bakrra stayed at the house of Hazrat Kharijahra bin Zaid. (Al-Sirat al-Nabawiyyah li Ibn Hisham, p. 348, Khubaibra bin Yasaaf, Dar-ul-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, 2001) (Lughaat-ul-Hadith, Vol. 2, p. 373)
Hazrat Khubaibra took part in all the battles alongside the Holy Prophetsa, including the battles of Badr, Uhud and Khandaq. (Al-Tabaqaat-ul-Kubra li ibn Saad, Vol. 3, p. 276, Khubaibra bin Yasaaf, Dar-e-Ihyaa Al-Turath Al-Arabiy, Beirut, 1996)
According to one narration, Khubaibra was living in Medina but despite that, he had not accepted Islam until the Holy Prophetsa set off for the Battle of Badr and he joined the Holy Prophetsa along the way and it was then that he accepted Islam. (Usdul Ghaba, Vol. 3, p. 152, Khubaibra bin Yasaaf, Dar-ul-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, Lebanon, 2003)
The incident of Hazrat Khubaib’sra acceptance of Islam is mentioned in Sahih Muslim and has been narrated by Hazrat Aishara, the noble wife of the Holy Prophetra. She narrates that the Messengersa of Allah departed for the Battle of Badr and when he reached Harratul Ghabara, which is situated about three miles from Medina, a person who was famous for his courage and valour met with him. The Companionsra of the Holy prophetsa were very pleased to see him. Upon meeting with the Holy Prophetsa, he stated, “I have come to accompany you and to partake of the spoils of war.” The Holy Prophetsa said to him, “Do you believe in Allah and His Messengersa?” He responded, “No. I do not believe [in Allah and His Messengersa]” i.e. he was not a Muslim. The Holy Prophetsa then stated, “Then you can return as I do not seek help from the mushrik [idolater].” Hazrat Aishara states that the man went his way. When the Holy Prophetsa reached Shajarah, a place situated near Dhul Hulaifa which is 6-7 miles from Medina, the same individual approached the Holy Prophetsa and said exactly what he said before. The Holy Prophetsa also gave him the same response as before, telling him to leave as he was in no need of the support of a mushrik. The man left once again and met the Holy Prophetsa again at a place called Baidaa near Dhul Hulaifah, 6-7 miles away from Medina and which is close to Shajarah. (These two places are not far from one another.) The Holy Prophetsa again said to him as he did the first time that he will not take the help of a mushrik. The Holy Prophetsa then said, “Do you believe in Allah and His Messengersa?” The man replied, “Yes, I do”. The Holy Prophetsa then said, “Now you may accompany me.” (Sahih Muslim, Kitabul Jihad, Fitan Wa Ashraat al-Sa‘ah, , Hadith 1817) (Mujam-ul-Buldan, Vol. 3, p. 142) (Akmaal-ul-Ilm Bi Fawaid Al-Muslim, Vol. 4, Kitab-ul-Hajj, Dar-ul-Wafa, 1998)
It has been mentioned in the commentary of this narration that the man mentioned to have accepted Islam in this narration was Hazrat Khubaibra. (Al-Bahr-ul-Muheet, Vol. 1, p. 620, Dar ibn Al-Jauzi Riyadh, 1434 AH)
Whilst explaining Hazrat Khubaibra bin Isaaf’s acceptance of Islam and participation in the Battle of Badr, Allama Nooruddin Halabi states in his book Sirat Halabiyyah that there was a strong and courageous person in Medina by the name of Habib bin Yasaaf. (This was the other name of Hazrat Khubaibra bin Isaaf as is mentioned in the books of Sirat.) In any case, this man belonged to the Khazraj tribe and had not accepted Islam until the Battle of Badr.
Nevertheless, he too departed with the Khazraj tribe in the hope of partaking of the spoils of war, in case they won the battle. The Muslims were very pleased to see him go forth with them but the Holy Prophetsa told him that only those can accompany them to battle who adhere to their faith. In another narration, it is mentioned that the Holy Prophetsa told him to go back as they did not require any help from the mushrik. The Holy Prophetsa told Habib or Khubaib to turn back on two occasions, but the third time the Holy Prophetsa asked, “Do you believe in Allah and His Messengersa ?” to which he replied, “Yes” and thus he accepted Islam and fought valiantly in the battle. (Al-Sirat al-Halabiyyah, Vol. 3, p. 204, Bab Dhikr Maghaziyah/Ghazwah Badr Al-Kubra, Dar-ul-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, 2002)
In Musnad Ahmad bin Hanbal, the account of how Hazrat Khubaibra accepted Islam is mentioned as follows:
“One of my tribesmen and I visited the Holy Prophetsa when he was preparing to depart for a battle, but at that time, we had not accepted Islam. We submitted to the Holy Prophetsa saying that we felt ashamed that our people would go for war and we did not participate with them. The Holy Prophetsa asked, ‘Have you both accepted Islam?’ We replied that we had not, to which the Holy Prophetsa said, ‘We do not wish to seek help of an idolater against another idolater.’”
The battle the Holy Prophetsa was preparing for was against idolaters, therefore the Holy Prophetsa questioned how could he accept the help of an idolater?
“Hazrat Khubaibra then stated that they decided to accept Islam and joined the Holy Prophetsa in the battle. He states, ‘During the battle, I killed one of our adversaries, but before that, he managed to inflict injury upon me. Later on, when I married the daughter of the person I had killed, she would often say, “You will never be able to forget the person who gave you those scars,” and I would reply by saying that she would also not forget the person who hastened her father into the hellfire.’” (Musnad Ahmad bin Hanbal, Vol. 5, p. 411, Hadith 15855, Aalamul Kutub, Beirut, Lebanon, 1998)
During the Battle of Badr, Hazrat Khubaibra bin Isaaf killed Umayya bin Khalf, one of the leaders of the Quraish of Mecca and this account of the marriage that took place between Hazrat Khubaibra and the daughter of the person who was killed was briefly alluded to in Musnad Ahmad bin Hanbal, but the person who was killed was not mentioned by name.
Allama Nooruddeen Halabi has mentioned this account in detail in his book Seeratul Halabiyya which is as follows:
Hazrat Abdur Rahmanra bin Auf narrates,
“In the plains of Badr I met Umayya bin Khalf, who was a friend of mine during the Jahilyya period [the era before the advent of Islam]. Umayya’s son, Ali, was standing beside his father, holding his hand. Ali was among those Muslims who had accepted Islam before the Holy Prophetsa migrated to Medina. However, his relatives pressurised him to leave Islam and succeeded. Thus, he accepted Islam initially but later renounced his faith and died in a state of disbelief. Regarding such people, God Almighty revealed the following verse:
اِنَّ الَّذِیۡنَ تَوَفّٰہُمُ الۡمَلٰٓئِکَۃُ ظَالِمِیۡۤ اَنۡفُسِہِمۡ قَالُوۡا فِیۡمَ کُنۡتُمۡ ؕ قَالُوۡا کُنَّا مُسۡتَضۡعَفِیۡنَ فِی الۡاَرۡضِ
‘Verily, those whom the angels cause to die while they are wronging their own souls, they (the angels) will say to them: ‘What were you after?’ They will reply: ‘We were treated as weak in the land.’” (Surah al-Nisa: V.98)
Nonetheless, he further stated, “Among these people there were Haritha bin Rabiah, Abu Qais bin Faaqey, Abu Qias bin Waleed, Aas bin Munabbah and Ali bin Umayyah.”
Allama Nooruddeen Halabi further writes that in the book Seerat Hishamiyya, it is written that these people accepted Islam when the Holy Prophetsa was still in Mecca. When the Holy Prophetsa migrated to Medina, the relatives of the aforementioned held them back in Mecca and pressurised them. As a result of this, they succumbed to their pressurisation and abandoned Islam (i.e. they left the pale of Islam). They then came with their tribe to the Battle of Badr and were all killed in this battle. From this narration it seems that these people had not recanted from Islam before the Holy Prophet’ssa migration, whereas from the earlier narration it seemed as if these people had left Islam before the Holy Prophetsa migrated from Mecca.
Nonetheless Hazrat Abdur Rahmanra narrates an incident regarding the battle. He states:
“I was holding many chain armours. When Umayyah saw me, he addressed me using my name in the Jahiliyya period which was Abd-e-Amr. I did not respond to him because when the Holy Prophetsa had given me the name Abdur Rahman, he asked whether I would like to give up the name of my forefathers, to which I replied in the affirmative. Umayyah said that he did not recognise the name ‘Rahman’. Then, when Umayyah later called me by my actual name – Abdur Rahman – I responded to him.” It seems that when Umayyah had called out to him the first time, Abdur Rahmanra knew he was being addressed, yet he refused to acknowledge him because he called out to him by referring to him as a servant of an idol. At the same time, it is quite possible that Abdur Rahmanra did not even comprehend that he was being addressed, as he abandoned the name a long time before this incident. Then when Umayyah called out using his actual name – Abdur Rahmanra – that is when he realised that he was being addressed and thus responded to him. Umayyah then said to Abdur Rahman, “If I have any rights over you, then I am better than the chain armour you hold in your hands.” He gave reference to their old friendship and thought that his life may be spared owing to it, for they had already been defeated. He said to Abdur Rahmanra that he had rights over him and that since he was better than the chain armour, he should arrange for his safety. Abdur Rahmanra then further narrates, “I said, ‘Very well.’ I then put the chain armours on the floor and held Umayyah and his son Ali by the hand. Umayyah said, ‘I have never seen a day such as this one (i.e. the Day of Badr).’ He then asked, ‘Who was it among you that had an ostrich feather on the armour of his chest?’ I replied that it was Hamza bin Abdil Muttalib. Umayyah then said, ‘He was the one responsible for all that took place. It was because of him that we are in such a state.’” Nonetheless, this was his own opinion and according to one narration Umayyah’s son said the aforementioned statement.
Hazrat Abdur Rahmanra bin Auf further states:
“After that, I was walking with both of them and held them by the hand, when Hazrat Bilalra saw Umayyah with me and shouted out, ‘The chief of the disbelievers, Umayyah is here; only one of us will survive.’” In Mecca, Umayyah severely persecuted Hazrat Bilalra in an attempt to try and turn him away from Islam. Hazrat Abdur Rahmanra states, “When I heard this, I said to him, ‘Why do you say this regarding my prisoner?’ However Hazrat Bilalra kept on repeating the aforementioned and I replied in the same way. Hazrat Bilalra would repeat, ‘Only one of us can survive,’ and I would continue to repeat my reply. Hazrat Bilalra then said at the top of his voice, ‘O Helpers of God! The chief of the disbelievers, Umayyah bin Khalf, is here.’ He cried at the top of his voice, ‘O Helpers of God! The chief of the disbelievers, Umayyah bin Khalf, is here. Know this that only one of us can live’ and he kept on repeating this statement.”
Hazrat Abdur Rahmanra says, “Upon hearing this, the Ansar ran towards us and surrounded us. Hazrat Bilalra then attacked Umayyah’s son and dropped him to the ground. Witnessing this, Umayyah shrieked in such a horrific manner, that I have never heard a scream like it. The Ansar then attacked them with their swords and killed them.” (Al-Sirat al-Halabiyyah, Vol. 2, pp. 232-233, Bab Dhikr Maghaziyah/Ghazwah-e-Badr Al-Kubra, Dar-ul-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, 2002)
In Sahih Bukhari, the killing of Umayyah bin Khalf is recorded in the following manner,
Hazrat Abdur Rahmanra bin Auf states:
“I wrote a letter to Umayyah bin Khalf stating that he should look after my wealth and wife and children, who were in Mecca, which at the time was Daar-ul-Harb. Similarly, I would protect his wealth in Medina for him. When I wrote down my name as ‘Abdur Rahman’, Umayyah replied, ‘I do not know any Abdur Rahman; write down the name you used previously in the Jahiliyya period.’ Upon this, I wrote down my name as Abd Amr. During the Battle of Badr, whilst the enemy were asleep, I climbed a hill with the intention of securing that passage (i.e. in case the opposing army attacked from there). Hazrat Bilalra happened to see Umayyah nearby and went to a gathering of the Ansar and said, ‘Umayyah bin Khalf is nearby; if he escapes, then my life will be in danger.’ Hazrat Bilalra then followed us with a group of the Ansar. (It seemed as though by this time, Hazrat Abdur Rahmanra bin Auf and Umayyah had spoken and come to an agreement.) Nonetheless, I said that I will take them, i.e. Umayya and his son, as prisoners; hence I captured both of them. Prior to facing this group of Muslims, I left Umayyah’s son behind where we were, so that they could contend with him and whilst they would be engaged in battle, we would be able to escape. The group killed Umayyah’s son and they did not allow my plan to save Umayyah succeed and chased after us. As Umayyah was of heavy build, it was difficult to travel far and as a result they caught up with us. I told Umayyah to sit down and he complied. I laid over him in order to shield him, however, they stabbed their swords from underneath me and killed him. One of them even injured my foot with his sword in the process.”
The narrator, Ibrahim, states: “Hazrat Abdur Rahmanra bin Auf would show us the scar on the back of his foot that he received during the incident.” (Sahih Al-Bukhari, Kitab-ul-Wakalat, Hadith no. 2301)
As for who killed Umayyah and his son, according to famous narrations, it is stated that a person from the tribe of Banu Maazan killed him, whereas Ibn Hisham states that Umayyah was killed by Hazrat Muaz bin Afraa, Kharjah bin Zaid and Khubaibra bin Isaaf – i.e. the companion who is currently being mentioned, he was also present. It is also mentioned that Hazrat Bilalra killed him; in reality, the companions all took part in his killing and Umayyah’s son, Ali, was attacked and brought to the ground by Hazrat Bilalra. Subsequently Hazrat Ammarra bin Yasir killed him. (Sharh Zurqani Alaa al-Mawahib al-Deeniyyah, Vol. 2, p. 296, Ghazwah-e-Badr Al-Kubra, Darul Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, 1996)
There are certain incidents which are not always directly related to the companion being mentioned, although in this case, he is mentioned, but I mention them so that we can learn what took place in that period of history.
Khubaibra bin Abdur Rehman relates that his grandfather, Hazrat Khubaibra, sustained an injury during the Battle of Badr and broke one of his ribs. The Holy Prophetsa placed his blessed saliva on the injured area and placed the bone back in its proper place as a result of which Hazrat Khubaibra was able to walk again.
According to another narration, Hazrat Khubaibra relates, “I sustained a very severe injury to my shoulder which penetrated my abdominal region, causing my arm to dangle. I presented myself before the Holy Prophetsa and he placed his blessed saliva on that particular area and reattached the shoulder in its place and the wound also healed.” (Usdul Ghaba, Vol. 3, p. 152, Khubaibra bin Isaaf, Dar-ul-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, 2008) (Al-Badaaya Wa Al-Nihaya Li Ibn Kathir, Vol. 3, pt. 6, pp. 166-167, Dar-ul-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, 2001)
In relation to his demise, there is a narration which states that Hazrat Khubaibra passed away during the Khilafat of Hazrat Umarra. Whereas, according to another narration, he passed away during the Khilafat of Hazrat Uthmanra. (Al-Isaba Fi Tamyeez Al-Sahaba, Vol. 2, p. 224, Khubaibra bin Yasaaf, Dar-ul-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, 2005) (Al-Tabaqaat-ul-Kubra li ibn Saad, Vol. 3, p. 276, Khubaibra bin Yasaaf, Dar-e-Ihyaa Al-Turath Al-Arabiy, Beirut, 1996)
However, in any case, may God Almighty elevate the station of the Companionsra.
Now, I shall mention some details regarding three deceased members [of the Jamaat] and will also lead their funeral prayer.
The first is respected Rashida Begum Sahiba, wife of respected Syed Muhammad Sarwar Sahib of Rabwah. She passed away on 24 August at the age of 74.
اِنَّا لِلّٰہِ وَ اِنَّاۤ اِلَیۡہِ رَاجِعُوْنَ
“Surely to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return.”
Her forefathers migrated to Pakistan from Chaar Kot, Kashmir and her father, respected Din Muhammad Sahib, worked in the railway department. The deceased was only five years of age when her father passed away and their mother brought the children up all alone with great effort and bearing much hardship.
Ahmadiyyat entered the family of the deceased through their grandfather, respected Fateh Muhammad Sahib, who travelled to Qadian and had the good fortune to perform the Bai‘at through a companion of the Promised Messiahas, Hazrat Qazi Muhammad Akbar Sahibra. Upon witnessing the solar and lunar eclipse in 1894, Qazi Sahib informed his family members and the locals of his area that this sign signified the advent of the Imam Mahdias. The deceased’s family had close ties and relations with Qazi Sahib, thus the message of Ahmadiyyat also reached them and subsequently they did the Bai‘at.
The deceased’s son, Muhammad Zakariyah Sahib, who is currently serving as a missionary in Liberia, states:
“My mother offered her Chandas [monetary sacrifices] with great regularity. She would always be concerned and would often ask whether her Chanda had been paid. She would also take great care and show a lot of concern in the upbringing of her children. She would not permit the children to leave the house unnecessarily, so that they do not grow with the habit of wandering aimlessly in the streets or fall to prey immoral habits.”
He further writes:
“During our childhood, when our father would wake us brothers up to offer our Fajr prayer in congregation at the mosque, our mother would play a very important role in getting all the children up. Until we did not leave for the mosque, she would continue to remain anxious. She had a very loving and loyal bond with the institution of Khilafat. She would listen to the sermons very attentively and would note down various points which she would then discuss with her children.”
The deceased’s elder daughter writes:
“Right up until her final days, she paid great attention towards her prayers. [Prior to her demise] she offered a very lengthy prayer and did not let anyone even realise that she was not well, however immediately after she completed her prayers, she felt unwell and was taken to the hospital where she suffered a heart attack and they were unable to revive her and she passed away. By the grace of Allah, she was a Musia [part of the Wasiyyat scheme] who paid 1/8 towards Wasiyyat.”
Her five sons have the opportunity to serve their faith as life devotees [Waqf-e-Zindagi]. Two of the sons, Muhammad Mohsin Tabassum Sahib and Muhammad Momin Sahib, are currently serving in Rabwah under the Waqf-e-Jadid scheme and two sons, Daud Zafar Sahib and Zakariyah Sahib, are currently serving as missionaries. The other son, Asif Sahib, is a Waqf-e-Nau and is serving in the Computer Section in Khilafat Library. As I mentioned, Muhammad Zakariyah Sahib is serving as a missionary and is currently in Liberia and he could not travel back for his mother’s funeral. He demonstrated an excellent example of patience and continued to fulfil his duties away from his homeland and did not express at all that he was not able to go back or that he could not fulfil his duties.
May God Almighty grant patience and steadfastness to all her children, particularly her son who is in Libera serving as a missionary, who could not meet his mother at the time of her demise. May God Almighty enable her children to continue her good deeds and elevate the station of their mother.
The second funeral is of respected Muhammad Shamshir Khan Sahib, who was the president of Nadi Jamaat in Fiji. He passed away on 5 September.
اِنَّا لِلّٰہِ وَ اِنَّاۤ اِلَیۡہِ رَاجِعُوْنَ
“Surely to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return.”
He was born in 1952 and in 1962, along with his late father, he did the Bai‘at and joined the [Ahmadiyya] Jamaat from the Lahori Jamaat. He was initially a member of the Lahori Jamaat – who have many members in Fiji – however in 1962, he came under the Bai‘at of Khilafat-e-Ahmadiyya. The deceased was among the pioneering members of the Jamaat in Fiji and by the grace of God Almighty, he had the opportunity to extensively render his services to the Jamaat.
He played a very important role in establishing mosques in Maru, Suva, Nadi and Lautoka. From 2010, he had the opportunity serve as the President of the Nadi Jamaat until his demise. For a long time, he also served as the National Ishaat Secretary. Even in worldly terms, he was held in high esteem by the grace of Allah the Almighty, but he always gave precedence to his Jamaat work. Aside from serving as president and national ishaat secretary, he was also a manager of a Muslim primary school in Lautoka. The deceased was extremely sincere and devoted to the institution of Khilafat and displayed utmost obedience. He leaves behind his wife, Raazia Khan Sahiba and a daughter, Nadia Nafisa Sahiba. May God Almighty grant him His forgiveness and mercy and enable his progeny to continue his good deeds.
The third funeral is of respected Fatima Muhammad Mustafa Sahiba who was originally from Kurdistan and was currently living in Norway. Although she passed away on 13 June, however her details were not received until now, therefore the funeral prayer [in absentia] is being offered now. She passed away at the age of 88.
اِنَّا لِلّٰہِ وَ اِنَّاۤ اِلَیۡہِ رَاجِعُوْنَ
“Surely to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return.”
She had the opportunity to do the Bai‘at in 2014 and leaves behind three daughters and five sons, out of whom only her daughter, Barifaan Muhammad Saeed Sahiba is Ahmadi and is currently living in Norway.
Her daughter says:
“I came to Norway in 1999 where I had to endure very difficult circumstances, therefore my mother came to Norway from Kurdistan in order to help me. Although my mother was unable to read or write, however she had committed many verses of the Holy Quran and sayings of the Holy Prophetsa to memory. She had such passion to read and write that despite being over the age of 40, she spent great effort in order to learn how to read and write. Her most important objective in life was to offer her prayers on time. She would also keep a lot of fasts and would often say that she was fasting for the sake of those who were unable to fast. My mother had such passion to help and serve others that in Iraq sometimes she would travel for 50 miles accompanying women who needed to get treatment from hospital and she would also financially support them as well.”
She further states:
“Upon her demise, I received numerous letters from people of all different backgrounds, particularly many Pakistani Ahmadi sisters, who expressed with great emotion that they had a deep bond of love with my mother.”
She further states:
“I have been in the company of my mother since my birth and had the opportunity to witness her excellent morals and pious character. She never harboured any ill feeling about anyone in her heart and was always willing to forgive even the greatest of wrongs. Right from our childhood she taught us to always adopt the truth even if it went against us. She would say that if our eyes or hands committed a wrong, we should at least have the courage to admit that they are guilty of committing a wrong. She would always meet everyone with a cheerful smile and she would always be occupied in seeking supplications from God Almighty. She had great love for God Almighty and the Holy Prophetsa and perhaps it was owing to this that she had the opportunity to do the Bai‘at of the Messiah of the age. I came across MTA in 2007 by chance but then could not relocate the channel despite searching for it.
“One day, after three years, in 2010 I once again came across MTA Al-Arabiya and called out aloud to my mother that the channel had been found. I told my mother that I had been searching for this very channel for the last three years. I told my mother to listen to what they had to say as they claimed that the Imam Mahdi and the Promised Messiahas, who we are waiting for has already appeared. Our father also used to say the same. My mother started to watch MTA with me. After a few days, my mother narrated the entire incident to my siblings, however they made certain comments which caused the complexion of my mother to completely change, but she did not take any notice of what they said and continued to watch MTA. When she travelled back to Kurdistan, she came under the influence of my brothers and turned completely against me. When she returned to Norway, she started to stop me from watching MTA. My personal circumstances worsened after I had the Bai‘at and my mother was told that I was now a kafir [disbeliever]. Nevertheless, when my mother would return to my brothers, she would go against me and when she would come stay with me, she would again start to watch MTA. She really liked the poems written by the Promised Messiahas in Arabic in praise of the Holy Prophetsa and would often begin to cry when she would listen to them.
“One day, she was listening to the following Arabic poem of the Promised Messiahas:
یَاعَیْنَ فَيْضِ اللهِ وَالْعِرْفَان
She was also reciting the words along with it and I asked her that can one who has written these couplets be called kafir? She looked at me with great anger and said which unjust person claims that the author of these couplets is a kafir. I told her that her children were among such people. Upon hearing this, she fell silent. I then said to my mother that she was famous for the strength of her belief, thus who was she in fear of? Her children or her God? She became deeply affected by this question but did not give an answer. The same night she called me and asked me to call the headquarters of the Jamaat and inform them that she would like to do the Bai‘at. I told her to carefully ponder over it so that she would remain resolute on this decision. Therefore, she spent the entire night pondering over it or perhaps praying and the next morning said that she had decided that she was going to do the Bai‘at.”
Thus, in 2016 when I travelled to Norway, she also had the opportunity to meet me and she was extremely happy that she was able to meet the Khalifa of the time and would tell everyone about this. She had a bond of great loyalty with Khilafat.
May God Almighty grant her His forgiveness and mercy and elevate her status. May God Almighty also grant strength to her daughter’s faith and her children. May He also enable her other children, who are not Ahmadi, to open their hearts [for Ahmadiyyat] and become the recipient of her prayers.
(Originally published in Al Fazl International, 4 October 2019, pp. 5-9. Translated by The Review of Religions.)