Practices of the Promised Messiah a.s. in Ramadan

old image of mohala darul anwar from minara 1
Old picture of Qadian taken from Minarat-ul-Masih

Hazrat Dr Mir Muhammed Ismailra related to Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmadra:

“In 1895, I happened to pass the entire month of Ramadan in Qadian and offered the Tahajud – i.e. the Tarawih – prayers behind the Promised Messiahas throughout the month. It was Huzoor’sas custom to offer the Witr prayer in the first part of the night and eight rak‘aat [units of prayer] of the Tahajud prayer in divisions of two in the latter part.

“In it, he would recite Ayat-ul-Kursi in the first rak‘ah, i.e اَللّٰہُ لَا اِلٰہَ اِلَّا ھُوَ  up until وَ ھُوَ الْعَلِیُّ الْعَظِیْم and in the second rak‘ah, he would recite Surah al-Ikhlas. Mostly, whilst in ruku or sajda, he would recite:

یَا حَیُّ یَا قَیُّوْمُ بِرَحْمَتِکَ اَسْتَغِیْث

“‘O Living and Self-Sustaining God, with Your mercy do I seek help.’ His manner of reciting this was such that I would be able to hear his voice. Moreover, he always used to partake in sehri directly after the Tahajud prayer and would delay it to the extent that the Azan would sometimes occur whilst he was eating.”

Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmadra added to this:

“I would like to make it clear that partaking in sehri is permissible until the break of dawn on the eastern horizon. Partaking in sehri holds no connection with the Azan because the timing of the morning Azan is fixed to occur upon the break of dawn. For this reason, people mostly consider the end of sehri to be the moment when the Azan is called. As the morning Azan would immediately be called out upon the break of dawn in Qadian and was perhaps, on some occasions by mistake and due to inattentiveness, called even prior to it, the Promised Messiahas would, on the most part, not halt at the Azan and used to partake in sehri up until the break of dawn.

“The fact is that in this matter, the Shariah does not advocate the halting of food and drink upon the break of dawn in the light of scientific facts and perception. Rather, food and drink should be stopped when the first light of dawn becomes manifest to the masses. Hence, the word تَبَيَّنَ also makes this matter plain. In a Hadith, it is also recorded that the Holy Prophetsa said, ‘Do not stop eating and drinking at the Azan of Bilal, but instead, continue to do so until the Azan of Ibn-e-Maktum because he is blind and does not call out the Azan until people raise a hue and cry of the morning.”

Regarding the diet of Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmadas, it is said that in sehri, during Ramadan, there usually used to be salan [curry dish] or a chicken leg and firni [Indian sweet dish] for Huzooras. Hazrat Ahmadas would take a paratha [Indian fried bread] instead of a roti [flat bread], though he would only eat a small amount of it.

In his formative years of seclusion, he performed many spiritual exercises and meditations. At one occasion, Hazrat Ahmadas kept fasts for six consecutive months under the will of God. At iftari his food intake would merely be half a bread or even less. He also would not eat sehri and would secretly hand the food, which used to arrive from home, to less privileged individuals so that members of his household remained unaware. However, his general stance was that he disliked for his Jamaat to carry out exercises of such a nature and in its place, declared the jihad of this age to be services in relation to tabligh and the pen against the opponents of Islam. Thus, if entertaining the notion that such a person was desirous of material pleasures is not a complete injustice, then what is?

Hafiz Nur Muhammad Sahib of Faizullah Chak narrated to Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmadra that once during the month of Ramadan, somebody called the Azan prior to its actual time during sehri. The Promised Messiahas entered the mosque and said, “I had just raised a glass of milk to my mouth when I heard the call for Azan. For this reason, I put down the glass at that very moment.” Someone humbly submitted, “Huzoor, there is still time to eat and drink.” He replied, “I do not desire to partake of anything after the Azan.”

Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmadra, with regard to this narration, said:

“I would like to add that if this narration is authentic, then Huzooras would have taken precautions for his own sake at that particular occasion. Otherwise, the practise of the Promised Messiahas was that hedid not estimate the time [for the end of sehri] by the Azan but through the emergence of the break of dawn. In this regard, he would also adhere to the stance that the break of dawn should be clearly manifest as is the objective of the Quranic verse. However, it is of the scholar’s opinion that fatwa [Islamic verdict] and taqwa [righteousness] are two very different matters.”

(Taken from the compilation of narrations related to the life of the Promised Messiahas in Sirat-ul-Mahdi by Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmadra. Translated by Fateh Alam, UK)

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