What is the Ahmadiyya view of angels, celestial bodies and their influence?


Huzooraa was asked regarding the effect of angels on the moon, the sun and the stars, the effect of these celestial bodies on human beings and the physical descent of angels on earth, with reference to Tauzeeh-e-Maraam, a book of the Promised Messiahas

Huzooraa, in a letter dated 22 July 2019, gave the following reply to this question:

“In this book, the Promised Messiahas has most profoundly elucidated the subject of angels’ influence on stars, how the sun, the moon and the stars influence plants, minerals and animals on our earth and how angels spiritually influence humans. 

“The summary of his treatise on the influence of angels on the sun, moon and stars is that angels have been appointed to carry out the arrangement and management of the stars by the command of Allah the Exalted. Their influence on these celestial bodies is not direct or without [divine] agency. Rather, the influence is exerted by the command of Allah the Exalted. Huzooras states: 

‘It appears clearly from certain indications in the Quran that some of the pure beings that are called angels have a distinct relationship with heavenly bodies. Some of them drive the wind and some cause the rain to descend and some others cause other influences to descend upon the earth.’ 

“Then, another topic that the Promised Messiahas has explained is that these celestial bodies i.e. the sun, the moon and the stars, influence plants, minerals and animals on our earth day and night. Hence, we observe that the size of fruits is fostered by the moonlight. The heat and warmth of the sun makes the fruits ripe and sweet and certain winds bring forth abundant fruit.

“In this regard, another topic that the Promised Messiahas has explained is that just as the angels exert their influence on the celestial bodies by the command of God Almighty and the celestial bodies affect the physical objects on our earth, so also do the angels have a spiritual influence on our hearts and minds by the command of God Almighty. Thus, he states: 

‘In fact, this wonderful creation occupies its appointed place and by the perfect Wisdom of God Almighty, these spiritual beings are occupied in carrying everything that is eager, to its desired goal. They perform external services as well as internal services. As our bodies and our overt faculties are influenced by the sun and the moon and other planets, in the same way, our hearts and minds and all our spiritual faculties are influenced by these angels according to our diverse capacities.’ 

“As far as the angels’ descending on earth and their interaction with human beings are concerned, it should be remembered that the Holy Quran, the ahadith of the Holy Prophetsa and the sayings of the Promised Messiahas prove that angels do not at all descend on earth with their real existence; rather, by Allah’s command, they interact with His pious people by adopting the likeness of humans. Hence, there are several such incidents mentioned in the Holy Quran and the ahadith. While explaining this topic, the Promised Messiahas said: 

‘These bright spirits manifest themselves in human form to perfect servants of God. They appear to them in the likeness of humans.’ (Tauzeeh-e-Maraam, Ruhani Khazain, Vol. 3, pp. 68-72)”

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