“He shall be filled with secular and spiritual knowledge”: A glimpse into the scholarly works of Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud


Aqeel Ahmed Kang, Al Hakam

Hazrat Musleh e Maud 3

Allah the Exalted revealed to the Promised Messiahas that the Promised Son would be “filled with secular and spiritual knowledge,” i.e. God Himself would teach him the spiritual knowledge and secular sciences that serve the faith. If we look at the educational journey of this Promised Son – Hazrat Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud Ahmad, Musleh-e-Maudra – and the circumstances he encountered on this path, it becomes clear in what magnificent way this prophecy was fulfilled. 

All of Hazrat Nusrat Jehan Begum Sahiba’sra previous children, before the birth of Hazrat Sahibzada Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud Ahmadra, had perished in infancy, and his health could also hardly be described as good. His persistent eye infection was not only causing him discomfort, but it was also interfering with his studies. At one point it had become so chronic that the doctors predicted complete loss of sight. He also suffered from many other illnesses that would sometimes last over prolonged periods of time. As a result, he was frequently absent from school. Even when he did attend, he was unable to concentrate. Because his weak health would not withstand the strain, the Promised Messiahas had asked his professors to give him complete freedom regarding his school attendance. (Fazl-e-Umar, pp. 41-46) 

Shedding light on his condition at that time, Hazrat Khalifatul Masih IIra states: 

“Most of my children’s handwriting is better than mine. Only my daughter, Amatur Rashid writes like me. Her writing is so bad that we once offered her a prize of one rupee if she could read her own handwriting. This was my condition at the time that sometimes, I could not even read my own handwriting.” (Ibid.) 

Hazrat Sahibzada Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud Ahmadra left school without even a matriculation certificate. However, Allah has His own ways. He wants to prove to the world that adverse circumstances or even the fiercest opposition can never stop what He has destined. Hence, despite the circumstances described above, Allah fulfilled all of His promises He had made to the Promised Messiahas and the Prophecy of Musleh-e-Maudra was fulfilled in the person of Hazrat Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud Ahmadra in all its glory. He was indeed “filled with secular and spiritual knowledge” beyond measure, a brief glimpse of which is given below:

First speech at Jalsa Salana

On the subject of the unity of God, at just 17 years of age, Hazrat Sahibzada Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud Ahmadra delivered a speech on the occasion of the Jalsa Salana 1906, which Hazrat Khalifatul Masih Ira also greatly praised and stated that he had presented some truly unique points of wisdom. (Tarikh-e-Ahmadiyyat, Vol. 4, p. 40)

This was Huzoor’s first speech in front of a large public gathering. He presented the commentary of the second ruku of Surah Luqman and the speech, being full of new insights and subtle points, became the talk of the town. (Fazl-e-Umar, pp. 58-60)

Hazrat Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud Ahmadra describes his own condition during the speech as follows: 

“My knowledge has greatly increased since then and my thoughts and ideas have changed, but even now I become amazed when I read that speech. How did those ideas come out of my mouth? And if I spoke those words now, I would think they were explained to me through the special grace of God. 

“Because of my youth and speaking for the first time in an important assembly, my nerves were so badly affected that I could not make out people’s faces – it seemed dusky and gloomy. And I did not know what I was saying. I only realised what I had said when I later read the speech in the newspaper. This ruku served as a seed in helping me preach Islam and I benefited from it very much.” (Ibid.)


When he was just 17 years old, the young Mahmud Ahmadra founded an association along with some friends who were passionate about serving the faith. The Promised Messiahas chose the name Tash-heez-ul-Azhan for this association, which means “The honing of minds”. After some time, in March 1906, this association started a quarterly magazine under the same name devoted to the exposition of spiritual values. This journal published first-rate articles that sprang forth from the blessed pen of Hazrat Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud Ahmadra, including the very early masterpieces such as The Love of GodDeen-e-Haqq [The True Faith], Najaat [Salvation], Pharaoh of Mosesas and Ten Proofs for the Existence of God.

Huzoorra states:

“There were seven of us students who founded the Tash-heez-ul-Azhan journal. We did not seek help from anyone else. We did not ask for a penny towards its cost and financed it ourselves. However, later we did not refuse if someone offered a voluntary donation. Otherwise, we bore the burden ourselves and did not even ask anyone for an article. We were its editors, we were its publishers and we were its distributors. We did everything ourselves.” (Fazl-e-Umar, pp. 60-62)

The journal attracted much praise, so much so that even Maulvi Muhammad Ali Sahib called it a “clear proof of the truth of the Movement”. (Ibid.)

Al Fazl

Hazrat Sahibzada Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud Ahmadra, at the age of 24, felt that a newspaper was required to “awaken [the Community], to charge it with electric energy, to shake it into life and to make it pitch its aims high”. Thus, under the most unfavourable circumstances and no funds at his disposal, he staked every penny he could raise and started a weekly newspaper in June 1913, for which the name of Al Fazl was chosen by Hazrat Khalifatul Masih Ira, who had approved of the venture and given it his blessings. (Fazl-e-Umar, pp. 131-132)

The work which Al Fazl assumed was, in its own words, “to clarify the position of the Promised Messiahas; to impress upon the Community that he alone was its master and guide, the importance of whose mission could not be minimised without depriving Ahmadiyyat and Islam of all that was alive in it”. (Fazl-e-Umar, pp. 131-132) 

Huzoorra continued to personally look after the paper until he was chosen as the Khalifatul Masih. 

This newspaper played a vital role in the discourse on Ahmadiyyat for over a century. It has now expanded vastly and still serves as an official publication of the Community, alhamdulillah.

As Khalifatul Masih II

Huzoorra was an extremely busy person and after being adorned with the mantle of Khilafat, his engagements increased drastically. 

Thus, when contemplating Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud’sra enormous contribution as a writer, it is crucial to remember that he was not a retired gentleman who spent all of his time studying and researching his subject matter. He was, on the contrary, the leader of a global, active, and expanding the Community and had to remain in contact with hundreds of thousands of members and offer counsel even in their most personal matters. 

Despite such a busy schedule, taking the time to write and produce hundreds of treatises is nothing short of a miracle. It is especially so since there was not even as much as electricity in Qadian for a long period of time, let alone internet, libraries or any such research facilities. 

Despite all this, the vastness, depth and diversity of knowledge and the God-given insight that Hazrat Khalifatul Masih IIra possessed, distinguishes him as a prolific author in the defence of Islam and the exposition of its verities.

The spiritual and secular knowledge of Hazrat Musleh-e-Maudra was such that even the enemies acknowledged it. The Ahrar leader, Maulvi Zafar Ali Khan, editor of the daily Zamindar fromLahore had the misfortune of being an opponent of Ahmadiyyat. However, when defeat confronted him, he looked for a cause for his lack of success and while addressing other opposing groups, he had to admit:

“Listen with your ears wide open, you and your accomplices can never compete with Mirza Mahmud till the Day of Resurrection. Mirza Mahmud has the Quran and its deep knowledge with him. What have you got?” (Fazl-e-Umar, pp. 267-268)

Huzoor’sra Quranic exegesis, Friday sermons, Eid and nikah sermons, addresses at events, instructions for Majlis-e-Shura, guidance for Jamaat’s associations, institutions and auxiliary organisations, articles in Ahmadi as well as non-Ahmadi newspapers and magazines, messages for the annual conventions of Jamaat-e-Ahmadiyya in foreign countries, advice for Ahmadi missionaries, answers to questions and other correspondence etc. have been published to a great extent by the Jamaat and serve as a beacon of light for the seekers of truth. The following is a very brief glimpse into some of these vast treasures:


His magnum opus was a detailed commentary on the Holy Quran, which he called Tafsir-e-Kabir (The Grand Exegesis), currently being translated into English and serialised by The Review of Religions. It spans over many thousands of pages. This commentary was the first of its kind to provide a fresh explanation of the verses of the Holy Quran in light of modern-day knowledge and discovery. Hazrat Musleh-e-Maudra mesmerises readers by synthesising and integrating insights from multiple disciplines including theology, jurisprudence, politics, history, anthropology, philosophy, geography, sociology, psychology and lexicography, demonstrating his vast knowledge and understanding of both hidden and temporal realities. His work is not merely an addition to the classical commentaries; rather, it offers a novel approach to the study of exegetical commentaries and the science of comparative religions, paving a new way in this field of research.

Huzoorra recounts that he was taught the meanings of the verses and chapters of the Holy Quran by God Almighty Himself, through direct revelations, dreams and divine inspirations (reviewofreligions.org/14635/introducing-at-tafsir-al-kabir/)

Tafsir e Kabir

Even during periods of extreme ill health, Huzooraa did not lay aside his work altogether. Hence, shortly before the last long illness, Hazrat Musleh-e-Maudra was able to write a short commentary of the Holy Quran in the form of Tafsir-e-Saghir

Huzoor’sra sermons, addresses, duroos-ul-Quranmajalis-e-irfan and other discourses also contain commentary on Quranic verses. Lovers of Quranic sciences appreciate and pay homage to the points made by Huzoorra. Scholars have written articles on the merits and distinctive features of Huzoor’s commentary. 

Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud’sra tafsir work is a great testament to his immense love and devotion to the Holy Quran. There are also many other works related to the Holy Quran, other than tafsir, such as: 

• Faza’il-ul-Quran [Virtues of the Holy Quran] (1928-1936)

• Quran-e-Karim par Satyarth Prakash ke Aitrazaat ki Haqeeqat [The Truth Behind Satyarth Prakash’s Objections to the Holy Quran] (1933)

• Quran-e-Karim ke Parhnay Parhanay kay Muta‘alliq Ta‘keed [Admonition Regarding the Recitation and the Teaching of the Holy Quran] (1945)

• Hamari Jamaat Mein Ba-kasrat Huffaaz Honay Chahiyain [There Should Be Many Huffaz in Our Community] (1946)

• Koi Ahmadi Aisa Nahi Hona Chahiay Jisay Quran-e-Karim Ba-Tarjumah na Aata ho [There Should Not Be a Single Ahmadi Who Does Not Know the Translation of the Holy Quran] (1946)

• Introduction to the Study of The Holy Quran (1948)

• Sab ka Farz Hae keh Woh Dars-ul-Quran Mein Shaamil Huwa Karein [It Is Everyone’s Duty to Participate in Dars-ul-Quran] (1952)

• Three Principles of the Holy Quran Form the Basis of Science (1953)

Hazrat Musleh e Maud 4

Sirah and history

Huzoor’sra grasp over history was such that once, after listening to one of his lectures at the Martin Historical Society Lahore, the chairperson stood up and remarked: 

“I have had the chance to study pages of history. When I entered this hall this evening, I thought to myself, ‘I possess knowledge of Islamic history, and I can form opinions on its history’, but having heard Mirza Sahib’slecture, I realise that I am still a young student. The light of my knowledge and the light of Mirza Sahib’s knowledge is similar in comparison to this lamp (placed on the table) and the bulb transmitting light in this hall.” (Al Hakam, 8 March 2019) 

Some of Huzoor’sra books on this subject are as follows: 

• Sirat al-Nabisa [The Life and Character of the Holy Prophetsa] (1914)

• The Outset of Dissension in Islam (1919)

• Jang-e-Jamal: The Battle of the Camel (1920)

• Holy Prophet Muhammadsa and His Teachings (1924)

• Haqq-ul-Yaqeen [A Reply to Hafwat-ul-Munafiqeen] (1926)

• Duniya ka Muhsin [The Benefactor of the World] (1927)

• Muhammadsa the Liberator of Women (1928)

• Nabi-e-Karimsa Kay Paanch Azeem-ul-Shaan Ausaaf [Five Magnificent Attributes of the Holy Prophetsa] (1931)

• Uswah-e-Kamil [The Perfect Example] (1933)

• Rahmatun-lil-Alameensa [Mercy For All Peoples] (1933)

• Khilafat-e-Rashidah: Rightly-Guided Khilafat (1939)

• Uswah-e-Hasanah [An Excellent Model] (1943)

• Life of Muhammadsa (1948)

• Muhammadsa the Kindred to Humanity

The Promised Messiahas and Ahmadiyyat

Hazrat Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud Ahmad’sra unwavering belief in the truth of the Promised Messiahas was inscribed so deeply on his heart and soul that no power, storm, or earthquake could shake it. He was only 19 when the Promised Messiahas passed away. At that time, standing at his bedside, he proclaimed: 

“I make a solemn pledge that even if the entire Jamaat were to forsake Ahmadiyyat, I will convey the message that You have revealed through the Promised Messiah[as] to each and every corner of the world.” (Fazl-e-Umar, p. 99) 

Some of Huzoor’sra works that convey this very sense of conviction are as follows: 

• Sadiqoon ki Roshni ko Kaun Door Kar Sakta Hai? [Who Can Extinguish the Light of the Truthful?] (1908)

• Musalmaan Wuhi Hai jo Sub Ma‘muroon Ko Manay [A Muslim Is One Who Believes in All of God’s Appointed Ones] (1911)

• Haqiqat-un-Nubuwwah [The Philosophy of Prophethood] (1915)

• Paigham-e-Masih-e-Maudas [The Message of the Promised Messiahas] (1915)

• Hazrat Ahmadas (1916)

• Ma‘yaar-e-Sadaqat [The Standard of Truthfulness] (1921)

• Da‘wat-e-Ulama [An Invitation for the Scholars] (1922)

• Hazrat Masih-e-Maudas Kay Karnamay [The Achievements of the Promised Messiahas] (1927)

• Baani-e-Silsila-e-Ahmadiyyaas ki Sadaqat Kay Teen Shahid [Three Witnesses to the Truthfulness of the Founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community] (1934)

• The Quetta Earthquake – A Mighty Divine Sign (1935)

• Wuhi Hamara Krishanas  [He is Our Krishan] (1936)

• Baani-e-Silsila-e-Ahmadiyya Koi Naya Deen Nahi Laaye [The Founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community Did Not Bring a New Religion] (1938)

• Mazaar Hazrat Masih-e-Maudas par Dua aur us ki Hikmat [The Wisdom Behind Praying at the Grave of the Promised Messiahas] (1944)

• Khuda Ta‘ala Duniya Ki Hidayat Ke Liye Hamesha Nabi Mab‘oos Farmata Hai [God Almighty Always Appoints Prophets for the Guidance of Mankind] (1946)

Below are some of the books Huzoorra wrote to further elucidate the truth of Ahmadiyyat

• Allah Ta‘ala ki Madad Sirf Sadiqoon Kay Saath Hai [Allah’s Support Is Only With the Truthful] (1915)

• Sadaqat-e-Ahmadiyyat [The Truthfulness of Ahmadiyyat] (1920)

• Invitation to Ahmadiyyat (1922)

• Ahmadiyyat or The True Islam (1924)

•Majma‘-ul-Bahrain / Ahmadiyya Movement (1924)

• The Beliefs of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community (1925)

• Mukhalifin-e-Ahmadiyyat ke Baarey Mein Jamaat-e-Ahmadiyya Ko Naseehat [Admonition for Jamaat-e-Ahmadiyya Regarding Its Opponents] (1925)

• Ahmadiyyat Kay Usool [The Principles of Ahmadiyyat] (1934)

• Ahmadiyyat ka Paigham [The Message of Ahmadiyyat] (1948)

• What is Ahmadiyyat? (1948)

• Ahmadiyyat Dunya Mein Islami Talim-o-Tamaddun ka Sahih Namoona Paish Karne keliye Qaim ki Gayi Hai [Ahmadiyyat Has Been Established to Present the True Model of Islamic Teachings and Culture to the World] (1960)

Khilafat ‘ala Minhaj-e-Nubuwwat

Hazrat Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud Ahmadra defended the institution of Khilafat with great courage and valour throughout his life, upholding its true status. Many of Huzoor’sra treatises and discourses on this subject have been collated and published in three volumes under the title of Khilafat ‘ala Minhaj-e-Nubuwwat [Khilafat on the Precepts of Prophethood]. The contents of this collection are as relevant today as they were at the time when they were conceived. 

In addition to this compendium, there are writings of Hazrat Musleh-e-Maudra on Prophethood, Khilafat and his being the Promised Reformer (Musleh-e-Maud) that were directly addressed to the Paighamis or Lahoris to answer their allegations. Some of them are as follows: 

• Al-Qaul-ul-Fasl [The Final Word] (1915)

• Chand Ghalat Fehmiyon ka Izalah [The Removal of Some Misunderstandings] (1915)

• Paigham-e-Sulh Kay Chand Ilzamaat ki Tardeed [Refutation of Some Allegations by the Paigham-e-Sulh] (1916)

• Haqiqat-ul-Amr [Reply to a Letter by Maulvi Muhammad Ali] (1918)

• The Truth About the Split (1921)

• Paigham-e-Sulh ka Paigham-e-Jang [Reply to a Call to War by “Paigham-e-Sulh”] (1928)

• Izhaar-e-Haqiqat [The Truth Revealed] (1928)

• Da‘wa-e-Musleh-e-Maud Kay Muta‘alliq Pur-Shaukat E‘laan [The Majestic Proclamation Regarding the Claim to Being the Promised Reformer] (1944)

• Main hi Musleh-e-Maud Ki Paishgoi ka Misdaaq Hoon [I Am the Manifestation of the Prophecy Regarding the Promised Reformer] (1944)

• Al-Maud [The Promised One] (1944)

• Akhbar ‘Paigham-e-Sulh’ Kay is Bayan ki Tardeed ke Mubai‘een Nay Apnay Aqaid Badal Liye Hain [Refutation of a Statement of Paigham-e-Sulh That the Mubai‘een Had Changed Their Beliefs] (1952)


In his first-ever address to the Jamaat as Khalifatul Masih, Huzoorra stated, “Our first duty is to propagate Islam.” (Fazl-e-Umar, p. 145) 

He continued reminding the Jamaat of this obligation throughout his Khilafatand always led by example. Some of his writings in this regard are as follows: 

• Deen-e-Haqq [The True Faith] (1909)

• Sermon On the Mount (1911)

• Khuda Kay Faristadah Par Imaan Laao [Believe in Those Appointed by God] (1912)

• Ten Proofs for the Existence of God (1913)

• Aik Sahib Kay Paanch Sawaloon ka Jawaab [Answers to Five Questions by A Gentleman] (1915)

• Signs of the Living God (1917)

• Sadaqat-e-Islam [The Truth of Islam] (1920)

• Taqreer Sialkot [An Address at Sialkot] (1920)

• Islam Par Aik Ariya Professor Kay I‘tirazaat ka Jawaab [Reply to the Allegations of an Arya Professor Against Islam] (1920)

• Message from Heaven (1924)

• A Call to Faith (1929-1930)

• What a Seeker After Truth Should Do (1930)

• The Call of Heaven (1933)

• Kabul Witnesses a Sign (1933)

• Islam Aur Ahmadiyyat ke Muta‘alliq Azeem-ul-Shaan Paishgoyian [Magnificent Prophecies Regarding Islam and Ahmadiyyat] (1935)

• ‘Qadiani Mas‘alah’ Ka Jawab [A Reply to Maududi’s Qadiani Problem] (1953)

Following in the footsteps of his master, the Holy Prophet Muhammadsa and of the Promised Messiahas, Huzoorra also wrote letters to kings and princes inviting them to the True Faith. They were then published in the form of books by the Community. Some are as follows: 

• A Present to Kings (1914)

• Invitation to Ahmadiyyat (1922)

• A Present to His Royal Highness – The Prince of Wales (1922)

• Tohfa Lord Irwin (1931)

Tarbiyat and administration

Hazrat Musleh-e-Maudra has left behind a great treasure for the reformation of the Jamaat in form of his sermons and addresses. Likewise, a great legacy of Hazrat Musleh-e-Maudra for which posterity will owe him a debt of gratitude is his consolidation of the Jamaat through robust administrative structures. Some of his books on these subjects include: 

• Khutbat-e-Mahmud [Jumuah, nikah and Eid sermons] (1910-onwards)

• Khitabat-e-Shura [Guidance at Shura] (1922-onwards)

• Sabeel al-Rashaad Vol. I [Guidance for Ansarullah] (1940-onwards)

• Al-Azhar Li Zawaati al-Khimaar [Guidance for Lajna Imaillah] (1915-onwards)

• Tahrik-e-Jadid Kay Maqasid Aur un ki Ahmiyyat [The Objectives of Tehrik-e-Jadeed and Their Significance] (1935)

• Mash‘al-e-Rah Vol. I [guidance for Khuddam-ul-Ahmadiyya] (1938-onwards)

• Points to Ponder


Tasawwuf,or mysticism is an important field of Islamic sciences. Huzoorra wrote extensively on this topic and elucidated the ways to strengthen our relationship with our Creator. Some of those writings are as follows: 

• The Love of God (1907)

• Madarij-e-Taqwa (1911)

• Remembrance of Allah (1916)

• Qubuliyyat-e-Dua Kay Tareeq [Methods of the Acceptance of Prayer](1916)

• Irfan-e-Ilahi (1919)

• Way of The Seekers (1925)

• Irfan-e-Ilahi Aur Mahabbat Billah Ka Woh Alee Martabah Jis Par Rasool-e-Karim (sa) Duniya Ko Qaim Karna Chahtay Thay [The Great Station of Divine Insight and Love which the Holy Prophetsa desired for Mankind] (1930)

• Mahabbat-e-Ilahi Mein Saari Taraqqiyaat Ki Jarr Hai [The Essence of All Success lies in the Love of God](1943)

• Sair-e-Ruhani [collection] (1938-1951)

• Ta‘alluq Billah [Relationship with Allah] (1952)


These are some of the most complex issues of Islam as well as other religions. However, Hazrat Musleh-e-Maudra deals with them methodically to make the intricate themes of the nature of God, angels, destiny and salvation, visions and dreams etc. easy for the reader to understand. Some of his books on this subject are as follows: 

• Haqeeqat-ur-Ru‘ya [The Philosophy of Dreams] (1917)

• Taqdir-e-Ilahi [Predestination] (1919)

• Malaikatullah [Angels] (1920)

• Hasti-e-Bari Ta‘ala [The Nature of God] (1921)

Comparative religion

The era of the Promised Messiahas was destined to bring about the final victory of Islam over all other religions. This was foretold in the following verse of the Holy Quran: 

هُوَ‭ ‬الَّذِىٓ‭ ‬أَرْسَلَ‭ ‬رَسُولَهُۥ‭ ‬بِالْهُدَىٰ‭ ‬وَدِينِ‭ ‬الْحَقِّ‭ ‬لِيُظْهِرَهُۥ‭ ‬عَلَى‭ ‬الدِّينِ‭ ‬كُلِّهِ

“He it is Who has sent His Messenger with the guidance and the Religion of Truth, that He may cause it to prevail over all religions”. (Surah al-Saff, Ch.61, V.10)

Hazrat Musleh-e-Maudra also wrote numerous books on this subject, some of which are as follows: 

• The Truth About Salvation (1916)

• Islam Aur Deegar Mazahib [Islam and Other Religions] (1916)

• Zindah Mazhab [The Living Religion] (1917)

• Islam the Future World Religion (1920)

• Islam Par Professor Ram Dev Kay Aitrazaat ka Jawab [Reply to the Allegations of Professor Ram Dev Against Islam] (1920)

• The Need For Religion (1921)

• Mawaznah-e-Mazahib [Comparative Religion] (1921)

• Bahai (1924)

• Duniya Mein Sacha Mazhab Sirf Islam hi Hai [Islam Is the Only True Religion] (1933)

• Sardar Kharak Singh Sahib Aur un Kay Humrahiyoon Ko Da‘wat-e-Haqq [An Invitation to the Truth for Sardar Kharak Singh Sahib and His Associates] (1934)

• Why I Believe in Islam (1940)

• Did Jesus Redeem Mankind? [from Tafsir-e-Kabir, Vol. IV] (1940)

• Sikh Qaum Kay Naam Dardmandanah Appeal [A Heartfelt Appeal to the Sikh Nation] (1947)

• Introduction to the Study of The Holy Quran (1948)

• Islam Aur Maujoodah Maghrabi Nazriyay [Islam and Current Western Theories] (1949)


There are two aspects to the political issues and themes in Huzoor’sra writings. One has to do with the independence movement of the Indian subcontinent. Huzoorra repeatedly provided crucial guidance to the nation regarding the political interests of Indian Muslims

The other aspect of politics is related to the Muslims of other countries or the Muslim ummah in general. Huzoorra raised his voice in favour of the interests of the Muslim ummah and his writings reflect his extraordinary political insight in this regard. Some of his writings on this subject are as follows: 

• The Turkish Peace (1919)

Turkey ka Mustaqbil Aur Musalmanoon ka Farz [The Future of Turkey and Our Responsibilities] (1919)

• Muahidah Turkiyyah Aur Musalmanoon ka Aindah Rawayyiah [The Turkish Treaty and Future Action of Muslims] (1920)

• Tark-e-Mawalaat Aur Ahkam-e-Islam [Civil Disobedience and the Commandments of Islam] (1920)

Hindustan Kay Halat-e-Hazirah Aur Ittihaad Paida Karnay Ke Zarai‘ [The Current Circumstances of India and Ways to Achieve Unity] (1924)

• All Muslim Parties’ Conference Kay Programme Par Aik Nazar [A Look at the Programme of the All Muslim Parties’ Conference] (1925)

• Faislah Vartmaan Kay Baad Musalmanoon ka Aham Farz [The Duty of Muslims upon the Judgement on Vartman] (1927)

• Aap Islam Aur Musalmanoon Kay Liyay Kia Kar Saktay Hain? [What Can You Do for Islam and Muslims?] (1927)

Musalmanan-e-Hind Kay Imtihan ka Waqt [The Time of Trial for the Muslims of India] (1927)

• Hindu Muslim Fasadat, un ka I‘laaj Aur Musalmanoon ka Aindah Tareeq-e-Amal [Hindu-Muslim Riots, Their Solution and the Future Course of Action of Muslims] (1927)

• Nehru Report Aur Musalmanoon Ke Masaleh [The Nehru Report & Muslim Rights] (1928)

• Hindustan Kay Maujoodah Siyasi Mas‘alay ka Hal [Some Suggestions for the Solution of the Indian Problem] (1930)

• Tahrik-e-Azadi-e-Kashmir [Kashmir Freedom Movement] (1931-1932)

• Halat-e-Hazirah Kay Muta‘alliq Imam Jamaat-e-Ahmadiyya ka Farmaan [Guidance by the Imam of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community on Current Affairs] (1934)

• Duniya ki Sayasiyat Mein Ahmadiyyat Kiya Taghayyur Paida Karna Chahti Hai? [What Changes Does Ahmadiyyat Wish to Bring About in the Politics of the World?] (1935)

• Roos Aur Maujoodah Jang [Russia & The War] (1939)

• Ainda Electionoon Kay Muta‘alliq Jamaat Ahmadiyya Ki Policy [Jamaat-e-Ahmadiyya’s Policy Regarding the Upcoming Elections] (1945)

• Al-Kufru Millatun Wahidah [A Treatise on the Palestine Issue] (1948)

• Qiyam-e-Pakistan Aur Hamari Zimmah Dariyan [The Establishment of Pakistan & Our Responsibilities] (1948)

• Dastoor-e-Islami Ya Aeen-e-Asasi [Islamic Law or The Constitution] (1948)

• Ittihad-ul-Muslimeen [The Unity of Muslims] (1952)

• Communism & Democracy


A distinguishing feature of Islam is that it presents a complete code of conduct and outlines important basic principles concerning every aspect of life. Economics is one of them. Some of Huzoor’sra books on this subject are as follows:

• The New World Order of Islam (1942)

• The Economic System of Islam (1945)

• Zameendaroon ki Iqtisadi Mushkilaat ka Hal [Solution to the Economic Troubles of the Farmers] (1931)

• Islam Aur Milkiyyat-e-Zameen [Islam and Land Ownership] (1949)

Huzoorra has written on a vast array of other subjects in his works. The above only serves to give a flavour of the great spiritual feast that Hazrat Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud Ahmad, Khalifatul Masih II, al-Musleh al-Maudra prepared for posterity. The task of giving even a very brief introduction to it is not an easy one. A slightly more detailed list of his works is available at ahmadipedia.org/content/book/189

Nonetheless, his works are such a treasure trove of spiritual and scholastic gems that studying them yourself is the only way to truly appreciate them and to properly understand their importance.

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